On Learning and Testing Counterfactual Fairness in Machine Learning
Professor Wenbin Lu
NC State University
Barton Lectures in Computational Mathematics
Date: Wednesday, February 10, 2021
Time: 4:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Location: Virtual through Zoom
Dr. Webnin Lu received a Ph.D. in Statistics from Columbia University in 2003 and since then has been on the faculty at North Carolina State University. Professor Lu is currently the Director of the Graduate Program at NC State. He has received multiple awards including ASA Fellow, Cavell Brownie Mentoring Award, Faculty Research and Professional Development Award from NCSU and UNC Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) Developmental Award. His current research interests include statistical and machine learning methods for precision medicine, reinforcement learning methods, high-dimensional data analysis, network data analysis, biostatistics and statistical genetics.
Machine learning has become more important in real-life decision-making but people are concerned about the ethical problems it may bring when used improperly. Recent work brings the discussion of machine learning fairness into the causal framework and elaborates on the concept of Counterfactual Fairness. In this work, we develop the Fair Learning through dAta Preprocessing (FLAP) algorithm to learn counterfactually fair decisions from biased training data and formalize the conditions where different data preprocessing procedures should be used to guarantee counterfactual fairness. We also show that Counterfactual Fairness is equivalent to the conditional independence of the decisions and the sensitive attributes given the processed non-sensitive attributes, which enables us to detect discrimination in the original decision using the processed data. The performance of our algorithm is illustrated using simulated data and a real-world application in loan assessment.